Hiking Boots – Parts And Construction

When shopping for the best price UGG boots online with a pair of hiking boots, it is important to know how they are made. No, you don’t need to know how to make your own, but you have to understand what goes into them and how it affects the comfort and durability – the overall quality – of the hiking boots. In this article I will describe the parts of a hiking boot, what they are made of, and how they come together to form the ideal hiking boot for you.

Like any shoe, a hiking boot consists of an upper and a sole joined together by a welt and with an inlet at the front covered by a tongue, and the whole is lined with various pads and cushions. I will discuss each of those parts in detail, in terms of what they are made of and what to look for in various types of hiking boots.

Sole and Welt

Let’s start at the bottom. The soul of the hiking boot is the sole.

Soles are usually made of synthetic rubber in varying degrees of hardness. A harder sole will last longer, but generally will have poorer traction on hard surfaces (such as bare rock) and will provide less cushioning. A softer sole gives you the cushioning you need for long hikes and the traction you need on rough ground, but it will wear out faster.

Manufacturers have made their trade-offs in choosing the materials to make their boots out of. The final choice is up to you when you choose which boot to buy. If you expect to do most of your hiking on soft surfaces, such as desert sand or bare soil, you might lean more toward harder soles. But most of us hike on fairly rugged trails with a good deal of bare rock, and we need the traction of a softer sole.

Inside the sole is a shank. It is a stiffening structure, either fiberglass or steel, that prevents the sole of the boot from twisting and that provides arch support. Shanks may be only three-quarter or half-length. Hiking shoes generally have no shank at all, deriving all their stiffness from the molded rubber sole. Good day-hiking boots may have a full-length fiberglass shank. High-quality backpacking boots will give you the choice of fiberglass or steel. It will depend on how strong you need your hiking boots to be, and how heavy.

Look for deep, knobby tread. Deep cuts in the sole allow water and mud to flow out so you can get traction. “Fake” hiking boots, designed to look like hiking boots but not to perform like them, may have thinner soles and shallow tread. Working boots also may have shallow tread, and they generally have harder soles than hiking boots have.

The welt is the connection between the sole and the upper. Virtually all hiking boots these days are glued together rather than sewn. If you are buying a very expensive pair of backpacking boots, give preference to a sewn welt. Boots with a sewn welt will be easier to resole when the original sole wears out. For hiking shoes or day-hiking boots, when the sole wears out, the upper is not worth salvaging, either, so a glued welt is just fine.

Upper

The upper of the hiking boot provides warmth, protects the sides of your feet from rocks and brush, and repels water. It must also allow your feet to “breathe,” so that moisture from perspiration will not build up inside the boots and cause blisters.

Uppers of hiking boots are usually at least partially made of leather. High-quality backpacking boots are often made of full-grain leather (leather that has not been split). Lighter boots may be made of split-grain leather (leather that has been split or sueded on one side), or a combination of split-grain leather with various fabrics.

Fabrics that are combined with leather are usually some type of nylon. Heavy nylon wears nearly as well as leather, and it is much lighter and cheaper than leather.

In any hiking boot, especially those made of combinations of leather and fabric, there will be seams. Seams are bad. Seams are points of failure. Seams are points of wear, as one panel of the boot rubs against another. Seams are penetrations that are difficult to waterproof.

The uppers of backpacking boots are sometimes made of a single piece of full-grain leather with only one seam at the back. This is good, for all the reasons that seams are bad, but it is expensive.

You’re going to have to deal with seams. But as you shop for hiking boots, look for customer reviews that mention failure or undue wearing of the seams, and avoid those brands.

Inlet and Tongue

There are two things to look for in the inlet and the tongue:

1. How the laces are attached and adjusted

2. How the tongue is attached to the sides of the inlet

The inlet may be provided with eyelets, D-rings, hooks, and webbing, alone or in combination. They each have these advantages and disadvantages:

* Eyelets: Simplest and most durable way to lace a boot. Not so easily adjusted.

* D-rings: Easier to adjust than eyelets, more durable than hooks. More failure-prone than eyelets. (They can break, and they can tear out of the leather.)

* Hooks: Easiest to adjust of all lace attachments. Subject to getting hooked on brush, or bent or broken in impacts with boulders, main cause of breakage of laces.

* Webbing: Cause less chafing of laces, slightly easier to adjust than eyelets, slightly more durable than D-rings. More failure-prone than eyelets.

The most common lace attachment of any hiking boot is eyelets below ankle-level and hooks above. You may see eyelets all the way up, as in classic military-style combat boots, or a combination of either D-rings or webbing with hooks.

The attachment of the tongue is a critical factor in how waterproof the hiking boots are. Provided the leather and/or fabric and seams of the upper are waterproof, water will not get into the boots until it gets higher than the attachment point of the tongue.

Most hiking shoes and day-hiking boots have the tongue attached all the way to the top. If the tongue is not fully attached, consider carefully whether you will need that extra inch or two of waterproofing.

High-rise backpacking boots have the tongue attached only partway up, but that still reaches higher than most day-hiking boots. It’s difficult to get the boot on and off if the tongue is attached very high.

Linings and Pads

There are many pieces that go into the lining and padding of a hiking boot, but two in particular you need to pay attention to:

1. The sole lining

2. The scree collar

The sole lining must be appropriately cushioned. You want a firm, durable surface in immediate contact with your socks, but enough cushioning below that to absorb impact.

The scree collar is a cushion around the top of most hiking boots. It enables you to pull the boots tight enough to keep out loose rocks (“scree”) but without chafing against your ankle and Achilles tendon. This is the thickest and softest cushion in the whole hiking boot. It must be soft enough to conform to your ankle and Achilles tendon as they move, and still keep close enough contact with your leg to keep the rocks out.

Very high hiking boots, such as military-style combat boots, may have no scree collar at all. The height of the boot is what keeps the rocks out.

Throughout, the lining and padding of the hiking boots must be thick enough to provide warmth, durable enough to last, and smooth enough that it will not cause chafing and blisters.

Conclusion

So, these are the things you need to pay attention to when choosing a pair of hiking boots. Be prepared to compromise, and pay attention to which features are really important to the style of hiking you intend to do.

Chuck Bonner is a lifelong hiker and amateur naturalist, and webmaster of http://www.HikingWithChuck.com. For more information about hiking boots and other hiking equipment based on many years on the trail, visit.

Article Source: https://EzineArticles.com/expert/Chuck_Bonner/184207

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How to Select the Right Boots to Go Skiing

WHAT IS A BOOT FITTING

I discover the best place to buy UGG boots online. Well, first of all a boot fitting is not a 15 minute job, where you select the colour and graphics you like the most and then someone in a busy shop measures your foot size, ‘fits’ your boots in a few minutes (whilst usually answering the odd question from colleagues) and then takes your money! No comfort guarantee will undo a poor fitting like this, which we ourselves have experienced! For many people, when they visit us for a fitting, often the only experience they have had is of having hire boots. The fitting process for your own ski boots compared to hire boots is VERY different. And so it should be; you are spending a lot of money to get a ski boot that will ultimately improve your skiing and give you more comfort on the mountain.

SO WHAT IS A GOOD BOOT FITTING?

When you have a boot fitting allocate TIME to do this. Some boot fittings can take 30 minutes, most take longer. If you are having a boot fitting with a custom foot bed you should normally allow 1 hour, sometimes 2 if you have 11 toes, or a specific requirement.

Here is the general process that a ski boot fitter should go through with you:

STEP 1 – INTERVIEW

The fitter should make a nice cup of tea or coffee, and talk about YOU. What kind of skier or boarder are you? Do you have any issues with your feet cure, or your knees, legs, lower back etc. The feet have a lot to cope with, and it doesn’t take much for problems at your feet to translate further up your body. Now they have a basic understanding about you, they can move on to the next step.

STEP 2 – ANALYSIS

There is some great equipment to help ski boot fitters with the next steps, eyes being the best ones! There are plenty of fancy electronic balance systems and scanners, but hands on experience is far more important. The fitter will analyse your feet and might use what is called a Podoscope, which fires a nice blue light under your feet, and you can see for yourself what is going on. They may also have a thermal plate that draws the outline of your foot so you can take a closer inspection.

The boot fitting technician will then look at your stance, to determine any bowing or canting of your legs, and particularly look at this in relation to your knees and hips, as you want this all working together as one, to save energy and reduce the risk of injury.

From this, the fitter will now have a profile of your foot, the width of your foot, the length of your foot, and the kind of volume of ski boot (taking into account calves too) that should be fitted. They should NOT let you choose a ski boot based on brand or colour!

STEP 3 – FITTING

Now try a few boots out until the fitter finds the one that best fits your foot profile and your personal requirements. Don’t look at budget at this point and go with finding the boot that is great fitting. A good boot fitter will not only pick expensive boots (although with boots you really do get what you pay for) as sometimes you will be pleasantly surprised and find that a lower price boot is the best one for you.

If you have opted to have custom footbeds at the same time – and this cannot be recommended enough, they will set up the Sidas footbed moulding equipment. This is great fun; your feet are moulded in a silicone bed, which the air is removed to get a 3D impression of your foot profile. The fitter will then create footbeds (insoles) specifically for your feet, making adjustments as a result of the step one interview and then these are finished to fit your foot perfectly.

These are then popped into the boots that you have worked with the ski boot fitter to select, and you are given another cup of tea or coffee whilst the boots liners are heated up to be moulded. Then you pop the boots on and are encouraged to flex the boots and then walk around for about 5-10 minutes to see if the boots feel right.

Any issues pointed out to the fitter (e.g., ankle rubbing a little, big toe aching) are noted, the boots whisked into the workshop, and all manner of strange looking tools are used to modify the shape needed for the boot shell. This is often referred to as stretching the boot.

The ski boot fitter will then refit, recheck, and if necessary repeat. When it is all done, you will have a great fitting boot and your legs pointing in the right direction. A great fitting boot also improves your skiing or boarding, as you will have more control and balance. And a great fitting service should also be FREE. You should only be paying for the ski boot and custom moulded footbeds if you decide to add those.

STEP 4 – FINISHED?

Now you have your shiny new boots and maybe custom footbeds, it’s time to hit the mountain. But before you do you are encouraged to walk around in your boots A LOT before your holiday. Doing the ironing with them on works well; in fact it makes chores more fun! If you have access to a snowdome, these can be fantastic for boot testing, as a drag lift always reveals any issues, although for the first few runs hitting the drag lift every 30 seconds may cause discomfort whilst the boots settle. If this happens, undo the boots, relax, and then readjust following the buckle procedure given to you by your ski boot fitter.

So if after this you identify any problems, get in touch with your ski boot fitter for a refit. Any quality ski boot fitter will include this as part of their service.

Scott Hargrave is the senior ski boot fitter at ski boot fitting specialists Edge & Wax ([http://www.edgeandwax.co.uk]), and also operates the Boot Camp Ski Boot Technician Training Centre ([http://www.bctt.co.uk]), a British Ski Boot-fitting Association (BSBA) approved boot fitting training facility in West Sussex, UK.

Article Source: https://EzineArticles.com/expert/Scott_S_Hargrave/1165661

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The Significance of Environmental Graphics

Image result for creative environmental graphic design

Environmental graphic design (EGD) is a design profession embracing many design disciplines including graphic design, architecture, industrial design and landscape architecture. Practitioners in this field are concerned with the visual aspects of way finding, communicating identity and brands, information design, and shaping a sense of place. Some examples of work produced by environmental graphic designers include the design and planning of sign programs, way finding consulting, exhibit and interpretive design, entertainment environments, retail design, information design including maps, as well as memorial and donor recognition programs. Environmental graphics have been divided into three main areas. These areas have been explained below.

1. Signage and Way finding
Signage and way finding programs communicate site and navigational information to a viewer. Signage helps to identify and brand a specific place, and when used as part of a larger way finding program helps people to determine orientation and navigate a complex environment with ease. Some of the signs that assist in way finding include road signs, Pictograms on packages, traffic signs etc.

2. Interpretation
Interpretive environments tell a story or communicate an idea or theme. Most often recognized as exhibit design, it also includes projects such as historical sites. They educate people on how the site impacted on the life and activities of some famous historic icons in the society.

3. Place making
Place making takes a more conceptual approach in that it involves designing a distinctive image for a site. It typically focuses less on communicating information. It focuses more on a site’s branding, architecture and interior design, among other things.

Environmental graphics are relevant in our lives. The listed points discuss their benefits.

1. They aid in the smooth human movement in the community- Signs and symbols found in our environment ensures free and smooth movement of members of the society such as road users, motorists and pedestrians. Without them would have resulted in chaos and disorder in our movement in the community.

2. They give warnings about dangers and hazards- Pictograms on packages of products warns us against hazardous chemicals that can be a threat to our health. The best ways of handling equipments and products are relayed to us by the help of these pictograms and signs.

3. They give directions as to handling situations and object – Road signs and markings, aid motor users to know how to handle hazards on the road. Package symbols give direction on how to handle and use products without any health implications.

Smith Micro Launches AniMates Stickers for iOS 10 iMessage Store

Story-based sticker packs showcase new characters via iMessage and popular social channels

ALISO VIEJO, CA, October 19, 2016 – Smith Micro Software (NASDAQ: SMSI) today announced AniMates™ stickers, a newly designed series of characters for mobile messaging available in Apple’s new iMessage store as part of the iOS 10 update. The first set of AniMates stickers available include Jaxon, Harper and Milo – a boy, a girl and a dog with their own social media accounts where users can follow their adventures and even participate in the evolution of the characters. A high quality stickers Sydney depends on your artist designer. In our area I find Absolutesignsolutions.com.au very flexible in creating custom stickers.

“Stickers are the ‘shorthand’ for today’s generation of mobile users who want more emotion and personality than the text-speak that has evolved with chat-based messaging,” said Jonathan Horvath, Senior Director of Product Management at Smith Micro. “AniMates characters are expressive and engaging, so they not only enhance the texting experience, but allow users to participate in the lives of their favorite characters through YouTube, Facebook, and Instagram.”

The AniMates stickers were designed using Smith Micro’s Moho® (formerly Anime Studio®) 2D animation software. The initial launch of AniMates on iMessage includes four sticker packs, each containing a combination of fifteen animated and static stickers: Jaxon by AniMates, Harper by AniMates, Milo by AniMates, and Jaxon and Harper by AniMates. Individual packs are $0.99, or users can purchase all four packs together: AniMates Bundle for $1.99.

To purchase the AniMates sticker packs, simply do the following:

  • Launch iMessage
  • Open the App drawer
  • Tap the ‘+’ to open the iMessage App Store interface
  • Tap the search button in the upper left corner
  • Search for ‘AniMates’
  • Select the AniMates sticker pack you want to purchase

Stay updated on the adventures of Jaxon, Harper and Milo by following them on Facebook and Instagram, and be sure to catch them on their YouTube channel:

YouTube – Animates Live

Instagram – Animates

Facebook – Animates Live

About Smith Micro Software, Inc.

Smith Micro develops software to simplify and enhance the mobile experience, providing solutions to some of the leading wireless service providers, device manufacturers, and enterprise businesses around the world. From optimizing wireless networks to uncovering customer experience insights, and from streamlining Wi-Fi access to ensuring family safety, our solutions enrich today’s connected lifestyles while creating new opportunities to engage consumers via smartphones. Our portfolio also includes a wide range of products for creating, sharing and monetizing rich content, such as visual messaging, video streaming, and 2D/3D graphics applications. For more information, visit smithmicro.com (NASDAQ: SMSI).

Safe Harbor Statement:

This release may contain forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties including, without limitation, forward-looking statements relating to the company’s financial prospects and projections, the company’s ability to increase its business, and the anticipated timing and financial performance of new products. Among the important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements are new and changing technologies, customer acceptance of those technologies, fluctuations or cancellations in orders from customers, new and continuing adverse economic conditions, and the company’s ability to compete effectively with other software companies. These and other factors discussed in the company’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including its filings on Forms 10-K and 10-Q, could cause actual results to differ materially from those presented in any forward-looking statements. Smith Micro assumes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances occurring after the date of this press release.

Smith Micro and the Smith Micro logo are registered trademarks or trademarks of Smith Micro Software, Inc.

A Very Insightful Article About Auto Repair!

Your car is something that costs you quite a bit of money and time if you don’t know what it takes to care for it. In addition to understanding everything about your car’s make and model, you can learn other things. Keep reading to save money and time on auto repairs. Need to make a choice on car cleaning products? Waxit.com.au has it all for you providing high value products at affordable prices.

If you have to take a vehicle in for repairs, be sure you ask a few questions about the vehicle. These questions can involve issues you’re dealing with and what you can do to avoid them in the future. You can prevent issues with your automobile, saving you some money.

Before you pay for repairs, take the car out for a spin to make sure things are working as they should. If you don’t do this, you may still have an issue after you get it home.

Watch out for mechanics who perform unnecessary repairs on your car. A reliable mechanic will tell you if any parts are worn down and need replacing. But, they should ask for your approval before replacing them. If a mechanic did an unnecessary repair on your car, don’t take it there again.

Ask your mechanic if he’s worked on a vehicle similar to yours. Although cars are generally similar in some ways, there are big differences between models. The safe route is to pay a little more to have a dealer’s specialized techs work on the car.

If the repairs your car needs are major, get several quotes before hiring a mechanic. Although most repair shops can be trusted, you do not want to have to spend some more unnecessary repairs. Seek out shops that are reputable and are good with your vehicle’s make and model. These shops are more likely to understand how to perform the repairs your car needs.

Do not neglect your wiper blades. You need new windshield wipers if the ones you have are making noises and leaving streaks on the glass. You need to replace the wipers on your car about every year or even more often if there is a lot of rain where you live.

Find technicians to do your auto repair tasks instead of your dealer. You should be able to find reliable mechanics in your area, either by going to a repair shop or an independent garage. If you are more comfortable with one of them, by all means use them.

Avoid diagnosing your own car problems. Don’t forget that you are not a repair wizard. Vehicle repairs can be complicated. Let a professional diagnose the issue. Tell them every detail and let them do the rest.

A lot of people do not take their time to read through their vehicle’s manual when they have a problem. Go over this manual and mark the important pages that deal with information on maintaining your vehicle. Your manual has all that you should know when it comes to maintaining your car and doing minor repairs yourself.

The manufacturer is the first point of call if your new vehicle is unsafe or not performing as it should. This may be a recall situation but the manufacturer needs to be aware of the issue for the recall to occur. Sometimes, you will get the auto repair for free.

Consistency is key in the auto repair world. Once you find a garage you like, stay with it. If you continue going to different shops, you will pay more in the long run. Prices will also vary, which can lead to a higher overall cost for car repairs.

For things that aren’t too difficult to repair, like putting fluids in your car, you should be afraid to take care of these things. It’s a falsehood that only mechanics are qualified to perform routine maintenance. You must know how to do certain things, and then you can grease up those hands.

Although dealer mechanics can be pricy, most of the time they offer the best experience. Service technicians at dealerships tend to specialize in your make and model. The mechanics will know about issues that are common for the model you own. It is also a requirement that they attend training programs on a regular basis.

As said previously, learning the fundamentals of auto repair will benefit you later on. Besides teaching others and relying on yourself when you’re having car issues, you can save tons of cash. Keep the tips you’ve read in mind so that you can perform those repairs.

Clay Bar and the Proper Maintenance of Paint Finishes

Of all the information out there and of all the products being sold to the public to preserve and protect your vehicle’s finish, little or nothing is said about a simple product used in the Automotive Detailing and Paint Repair industry. New car paint protection treatments are designed to help protect your vehicle as well your investment, perfect its appearance and make it very easy to care for.

Some detailers don’t really understand the benefits of using this product in the way I am going to talk about, and how it is beneficial to their customers and why it should be done on a somewhat regular basis!

Well what is this product?

It is called a Clay Bar.

This is not a new product or a secret product. However, it is not a well know product. Its use even by manufacturers is not well explained or understood.

We have some insight that is unique and not well understood by detailers or body shops because of the range of automotive appearance restoration we specialize in. Since many of the vehicles we work on have already been detailed we have to leave the vehicles “front line ready” when we are finished.

Unlike a body shop whose job does not include any kind of ‘detailing” we have to leave the vehicles we work on “front line ready”. Also, unlike a detail shop we have paint restoration experience.

Why does this matter to you, and how can our experience and knowledge benefit you?

First of all let me explain a basic rule to paint preparation when preparing for refinishing. The surface being worked on has to be completely “sterile” and properly scuffed in order for new paint to adhere well to the area being refinished.

Let me illustrate it this way. If I paint something that has decal on it and I paint over that decal what happens if that decal’s glue looses its adhesive quality? That area will certainly peel off sooner or later. You would not paint over a pin stripe or decal but on a larger scale if you have removed all surface contaminates you will have great adhesion and a long lasting paint job!

One of the biggest things that makes a paint job a quality paint job is how well the surface has been “prepped’! I cannot stress this point enough!

Have you ever priced a paint job? Have you wondered why some body shops can do a paint job for $400 and others will tell you $3000?!

Did you know the factory paint job on your vehicle can be valued somewhere between $3000 to $6000 depending of the make and model? Any paint work that is not done to the factory standard can devalue your vehicle the amount of your factory paint job.

The prep work done for a paint job when done properly can be the difference between a factory quality paint job and disaster!

So you have this $3000-$6000 paint job on your car, how do you protect it?

First of all do not neglect it by not removing damaging surface contaminates such as tar, sap, bugs, industrial fallout etc. Sap can actually boil in the sun and burn off the finish under the sap, ruining the panel where the sap is.

Second, make sure your waxes or sealants used to protect your paint job are of good quality and prepare the finish for proper adhesion of your wax or sealant.

Should you “prep” the finish for was or sealants? Absolutely! However, most people think they are but they are not. So how do you “prep” the finish for wax?

The best way to “prep” your vehicles finish for wax or paint sealants is the use of a clay bar! Before you wax and after you have washed your vehicle use a clay bar at least once a year or every six months for the best protection of that expensive paint job.

A clay bar will remove any surface contaminates that washing did not. It can even remove hard water stains on the paint if they are not too bad.

How do you use a clay bar?

A clay bar has to be used with a lubricant. It is a simple process really. In fact you can even use water as a lubricant. However, it is better to use a spray way that will both lubricate the panels you are clay baring and can be used to clean up clay residue as you go.

Simply spray the area you are clay baring…a 12″ X 12″ area is best and rub the surface with the clay bar back and forth in a side to side motion. You will hear the clay bar picking up light contaminates and as the surface is cleaned you will stop hearing the movement of the clay bar.

You can also feel the surface. If it feels rough like tiny pieces of sand after you have washed it, it needs to be clay bared. Use the same method above and listen and feel the area you are working on after you dry it off.

So work your small area wipe it dry when you think it is finished and check the surface with the inside of your hand rubbing lightly feeling and listening for rough areas. Once you have completed a section you can move on the next.

A word of caution, it has been said, although I gave never experienced this, that a clay bar can rub the paint off eventually if not kept lubricated while using. Use common sense and you should be fine.

Well there it is, this is the best way to prep for waxing your vehicle and a great way to be sure you are getting the best results from your wax.

Enjoy and I hope this article helps!

[http://www.headlightcare.com]

[http://www.headlightcare.com/smf]

I own an automotive paint repair company specializing in spot repairs, custom color matches, color blends, body repairs, touch up and scratch repair. We also run a website where we sell our exclusive headlight restoration kit which we designed and created. We have sold well over 2000 kits from our website and on eBay. We also have over 1900 positive feedback for our headlight restoration kit.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Dana_Lind/288370

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The Finest Auto Repair Tips On The Web

Is your vehicle in need of repair? Learning more about auto repairs will come in handy, even if you do not need repairs right away. You probably also know what it feels like when you just don’t know what to do if a problem occurs. So, what do you do? Read on to discover some great tips to help you with dealing with auto repairs. There are some essential best car wash products that are needed to achieve the shine and glossiness of your vehicle. The most basic of these are car soap and car wax.

Get a reliable battery charger and be sure it is always in your car. Having a dead battery can leave you stranded in some pretty terrible places. It is important to not only have the battery charger but to know how it works as well in case you are alone.

Ensure your car has an emergency kit. This kit should consist of tire changing tools, jumper cables, and an empty container that is appropriate for re-fueling your gas tank. Bring a blanket and flashlights too, in case you are stranded.

You do not have to call a mechanic every time you are having car trouble. Many things can be easily fixed. If you want to take a chance, you can go online and do some research to pinpoint what the problem is. If it’s a quick repair to make, you can save yourself some cash by doing it yourself.

Read the manual for your car and make notes of important pages. During auto repair visits, your mechanic will probably need to gather some information from you, about your vehicle. After reading the manual, you might just find that you have an easy fix on your hands.

Always keep a record of any maintenance done to your car. If you have problems later, it may help the mechanic to see these notes. The records can help the mechanic determine the problem.

Make sure you replace old parts with OEM parts. These are original parts direct from the manufacturer. Generic parts may cost less, but they are not as good. What is a cheap option now could be an expensive option later.

If you do not have headlights that are shining bright enough, you may need to clean them. Sometimes the road’s greasy residue can get on a light and reduce the output of light. You will be able to see well when using a reliable glass cleaner.

Have a DIY kit for auto repair in your car at all times. For instance, if anything dealing with tire changes came with the car, have this in your car. If the necessary lug wrench and jack are missing, replace them. You should probably get a few screwdrivers with various shapes as well as different wrenches like for this kit. Don’t buy poor-quality tools. Instead, you should obtain solid tools that don’t break whenever you really need them.

You do not necessarily have to go through your dealership if repairs are needed. There are good mechanics all over that can fix your car. If you feel comfortable with someone, use them.

Take a second to read the manual and learn about the different components within your vehicle before visiting a mechanic. There are three conditions: salvage, new, and rebuilt and re-manufactured. Obviously, “New” components are those recently created. Refurbished or reconditioned parts ate those that have been restored to working condition. Salvaged parts are used parts that have not been repaired.

Most people don’t look at the manual in regards to their vehicle. But, reading it can give you a lot of helpful information. Your manual contains everything you need to know about maintaining your vehicle and performing small repairs yourself.

One of the trickiest ways that shady mechanics rip customers off is by adding repairs that weren’t agreed to in the beginning. They do this to make it look like you are getting a good deal from them. Tell them you have to think about it before accepting the deal.

Call the manufacturer for serious issues on a new vehicle. They may already have recalled the model, or may need reports like yours to do so in future. Many times, the manufacturer will repair it for you.

When you find a mechanic you like, stick with them for all of your auto repairs. Try to use a trusted auto repair shop and avoid hopping from repair center to repair center. Different shops won’t have records of the previous work done on your car. Prices will also vary, which can lead to a higher overall cost for car repairs.

Get yourself an AAA membership. Joining them can help you when you need a deal at a body shop or a tow truck. In fact, you’ll find that many times, AAA has set discounts to lower your out of pocket expenses.

It actually isn’t that difficult to figure out what to do when your car needs a repair. Just use the information included above. Continuing educating yourself on auto repairs to keep up with current pricing and gain a better understanding of your vehicle’s needs. Being knowledgeable about your car can save you money and stress in the long run.

The Science of Outdoor Signs and Banners

How to Calculate the Best Letter and Graphic Sizing for the Street, Road, or Highway Where You’re Advertising Your Business with a Sign or Banner.

Original Question: We are designing some banners for our business, and are discussing what colors to use on them. What input can you give us regarding contrast and overall banner color design. Planning to put up a business? Why plan first for your business adverstisement signs Sydney? Advertisement can attract customers and it gives them information about the services that you are offering.

Continuing Answer: As stated in part one of this series, I am borrowing heavily from the USSC publication “Sign Legibility Rules of Thumb” in order to show you, dear reader, that you just can’t slap up a cheap, poorly designed sign and expect the world to beat a path to your business’ door.

If this were the case, the big corporations would not have huge signs with huge letters beckoning you from three counties away. They do it for a reason, and this article will continue to elucidate to you why it is important to have your outdoor business signs and banners professionally designed by designers who actually understand the “rules” of color, distances, contrast, and size.

The USSC has developed a “Legibility Index” (LI) which is a number value which represents the distance (in feet) that a letter can be read. The LI for a one inch capital san serif letter would be 30, meaning that you should be able, with normal vision, to see that letter at about 30 feet, or a ten inch letter at 300 feet. Surprisingly, all capital letters need about 15% more height than do upper and lower case lettering combinations.

The chart was developed by the USSC to help illuminated sign and graphic designers determine viewing distance with factors such as the type of illumination, letter style, background color, letter color, and size of letter.

The calculation for your sign’s viewing distance, using the chart above, combined with our previous VRD formula (Viewer Reaction Distance), to create the letter height formula by dividing the VRD by the LI to calculate the letter height needed for a sign.

Reviewing our terms so far –

VRT = Viewer Reaction Time

VRD = Viewer Reaction Distance

LI = Legibility Index

To illustrate this, let’s say your target driver needs to see your sign at 600 feet away, based on our previous calculation (VRD = MPH x VRT or 1.47), and the LI is 30, your letters should be 20 inches in height.

The calculation for this would look like this – VRD (600′) divided by the LI (30) equals 20 feet. In strictly numeric values, 600/30 = 20. In word form, VRD (in feet) / LI = Letter Height (in inches. Yeah, it’s a bit complicated, but it takes the guesswork out of your sign design.

And most of the time, by the way, the LI used is 30, which keeps it simple if slightly less accurate. In our design, we simply err size-wise about 20% larger than what the index states, so that if it says we need a 20″ letter, more often than not, we’ll prescribe a 24″ letter. With exterior signs or banners, bigger IS better (if allowed by your local sign codes).

So, to review everything in Parts 1 and 2 that I’ve outlined, we’ve learned that your prospective sign viewer is affected by –

1) Number of Traffic Lanes

2) Speed of Traffic

3) Viewer’s Reaction Time (based on the previous two factors)

4) Viewer’s Reaction Distance (also based on the first two factors)

5) Type of Letters Used on Your Sign

6) Colors Used on Your Sign Letters

7) Background Color of Sign

8) Type of Illumination Used – or not used

And you thought it was just a banner!?

There are more exact legibility calculations put out by the USSC – the “On-Premise Sign Standards” – which provides more precise formulas and guidelines for complex areas. However, for most exterior banners or signs, in our opinion, these guidelines suffice quite well.

Of course, we cannot leave the design simply at six words with letters that contain 24 inch letters. We need to design your sign so as to be maximally readable. That means that with your 24 inch letters, we also will need to calculate the “negative space” – or the area between and outside the letters – to properly calculate the overall size of the sign.

The first consideration you have, fortunately or unfortunately, depending on your view of signs in relation to the beauty of an area or in relation to the utility of the sign (in other words, a big sign is more useful to commerce and a healthy economy versus a large sign is an eyesore and unnecessary), will be your local sign codes and ordinances.

For most sign professionals, this is simply an evil that goes with the territory, and some territories have more “Sign Nazis” than other areas. The wealthier an area, we’ve noted, the more restrictive the sign codes. Exclusivity seems to flow outward from wealthier neighborhoods.

The 2nd major factor will be cost. What type of sign can or will your business afford. It is my opinion, after over two decades in this industry, that most companies will spend too much money on the interior of their store, and too little on their exterior advertising, particularly their main identification signage (MIS).

Your sign, I like to say, is your business suit and tie, your first impression. A sign that is too small and/or poorly designed is like your great uncle Theodore who still wears that horrible polyester suit he bought when he was at USC in 1973!

So, having insulted badly designed signs and your uncle in the same sentence, let me tell you how a sign should be designed – properly.

As we’ve already covered, viewing distance and size of letters is very important, but so is the negative space around those letters and/or logo. This is, in some ways, just as important as the size of your lettering. Note that channel letters or dimensional letters do not fit this description, as general rule, because the negative space is the wall that they are mounted on. The letters themselves then, are the sign, so if you need 24 inch letters as determined by your VRD calculations, 24 inch individually mounted letters should be effective.

So, back to negative space. We have decided, for this discussion, that we’ll be using a panel sign, so the above paragraph is not of interest to this sign. With a flat panel sign, wherever the letters are is called the copy area. The area outside of this area is the negative space, and the same applies between lines of copy. It is this area that comprises the background of the sign, and contributes to the readability of the sign. By combining the size of the copy area and the size of the area of the background, we can now calculate the overall size of the sign.

You can refer here to view the USCC legibility table mentioned above.

In PART 3 of this series, we’ll discuss how to calculate how much negative space is needed in relation to the copy.

You can view Part 3 in here: http://ezinearticles.com/?Part-3:-The-Science-of-Outdoor-Signs-and-Banners&id=7979879

Barry Brown has been in the Sign, Banner, Decal and Display Business for over 20 years. It isn’t what he thought he’d do with his life, but he says he knows too much now to do anything else!

He has been marketing these products online since 1998, and the company he was general manager of in 1998 was the first sign company to be listed on Yahoo!

Barry is a great resource for information regarding Signs, Banners, Decals, and Displays, and is also an outstanding source of information on how to shop online without getting ripped off.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Barry_K._Brown/1216482

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/7977484